What Is Periodontal Disease?
It is an illness that affects the periodontium of the oral cavity, which features the gum and the bone tissue. This infection is commonly known as gum disease and has affected many people over the years. Common as it is, very few people are aware of how damaging it can be to oral health, especially as it advances. The manifestations of gum disease are different for patients, which is why periodontal treatment in Katy is offered based on the type of disease you have, and the symptoms you exhibit.
Types of Periodontal Disease
Before you solicit periodontal treatment near you, you must learn that this infection of your periodontium happens in two different stages, which constitutes the types of gum disease:
- Gingivitis – is the initial stage of gum disease that attacks the gum tissue, usually mildly. This type of gum disease can easily go unnoticed, especially when the symptoms experienced are not severe. Only patients who are keen to monitor their oral health will detect this disease early and consider periodontal treatment in 77450.
- Periodontitis – it is the more advanced stage of gum disease. The symptoms are more lethal and threatening to your oral health than is the case with gingivitis. This type of gum disease is hard to downplay or overlook, having that the symptoms are often pronounced and severe. Without proper treatment, you risk losing your teeth, sabotaging the health of your gums, and that of your jawbone.
Available Treatments for Periodontal Disease
Since the disease manifests in different stages, the treatments have to be different. Besides, the risk factors causing gum disease vary from one patient to the other. These as some of the influencing factors of gum disease treatment, the following are some of the types of treatments available:
- Professional deep cleans – one of the contributors to gum disease is poor oral hygiene. To help out, your dentist may recommend regular deep cleaning sessions to help remove plaque and tartar from your teeth.
- Root planing and scaling treatment – if you thought deep cleaning was thorough, root planning and scaling are more. It is an advanced process of removing plaque and tart from the surfaces of your teeth and in between. It is often performed before a professional deep clean, particularly for patients who have gum disease due to poor oral hygiene.
- Special mouthwash – mouthwash is a rinse that helps rid your mouth of bacteria that causes infections. If you talk to your dentist, he/she can recommend a particular mouthwash made especially for treating gum disease.
- Over-the-counter medication – this includes antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs that can help treat the infection in your gums.
- Lifestyle changes – these are the most important type of treatments. Adjusting how you treat and regard your mouth can help you keep it healthy at all times. With gum disease, some lifestyle changes you should determine include:
- Quit smoking
- Reduce the intake of alcohol
- Eat healthily – with more fruits and vegetables for the sake of the vitamins and minerals necessary for healthy gums.
- Brush your teeth twice every day
- Floss daily
- Treat underlying health conditions – some health problems like diabetes, hypertension, and cancer increase the risk of gum disease. To fully treat the infection in your gum tissue, seek treatment for any underlying health issue you may have.
- Gum grafting – is a surgical procedure that is used to treat receded gums. Ideally, when your gums have been infected, they pull away from the teeth and continue to get damaged. To treat the damaged gums, gum grafts are needed to promote the regeneration of new gum cells to replace the damaged ones.
- Bone grafting – the same concept used for gum grafting procedures is used for bone grafting. The only difference is that bone grafting is performed on your jawbone. The bone tissue suffers damaged when the gum disease advances to the periodontitis stage.