What is Periodontitis?
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a more commonly known as Gum Disease and is very common condition which affects the gums and deeper periodontal structures as they become inflamed. The inflammation of the gums usually takes the form of redness, swelling, and has the tendency to bleed during brushing says the dentist in Katy. It’s a response to certain bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on the teeth. Though the inflammation is a part of the body’s defense, it can cause serious damage. When gum disease is left untreated, it spreads down below the gums and along the roots of teeth.
How to Recognize Periodontitis?
It’s the advanced form of gum disease and it is not always easy to detect explains the Katy dentist. But one of the first signs that you may become aware of is bleeding from the gums while brushing the teeth. When left untreated, it can lead to increased bleeding from the gums, bad breath, changes in the positioning of teeth in the jaws, gum recession, and pain.
Causes of Periodontitis
Our mouth has various species of bacteria which are harmless and live in harmony with their host. But when tooth cleaning is not enough, the bacterial deposits build next to the gums, forming plaque and the conditions become suitable for bacteria to flourish. When the plaque is not removed, it converts into tartar, which encourages growth of bacterial plaque towards the tooth roots. This leads to inflammation and development of periodontal pockets near gums where bacteria thrive.
What Can I Do to Prevent Periodontal Disease?
- The periodontal inflammation is not inevitable and the development of gum disease can be prevented by adopting oral hygiene habits such as:
- Cleaning the chewing surfaces and sides of teeth twice daily with a brush.
- Cleaning the space between teeth and where the toothbrush bristles can’t reach, using dental floss or interdental brush.
Tips for prevention and treatment of Periodontitis
- Following oral hygiene instructions and advice
- Going for professional tooth cleaning for periodontics service twice a year
- Taking antibiotics prescribed by the dentist for treating infection
- Going for regular evaluation
- Surgical treatments
- Aftercare supportive therapy